Deva Payne-Bennett
11th grade Reading & Writing
May 4, 2012
Alexander Bell
Alexander Graham Bell
Born: March 3, 1847
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: August 2, 1922
Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Canada
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Alexander Bell Description
Birth: March 3, 1847. In Edinburgh, Scotland
Death:Aug 2, 1922 at Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Canada
Nationality:Scottis
Education: University of Edinburgh & University College London
Occupation: Inventor, scientist, Engineer, Professor, Teacher of Deaf
Invention: Telephone
Spouse: Mabbel Hubbard
Children:Two sons who dies in infancy and two daughters
Parents: Alexander Melville Bell & Eliza Grace Symons Bell
Relatives:Gardiner Green Hubbard (Father In-law), Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor (son in-law), Melville Grosvenor (Grandson), Gilbert Melville Grosvenor (great grandson)
Alexander Bell Milestones: 1872 Bell founded a school for deaf-mutes in Boston, Massachusetts1874 while working on a multiple telegraph, he developed the basic ideas for the telephon1875 files first patent for telegraphy1876 when the first complete sentence was transmitted1877 formed Bell Telephone Company to operate local telephone exchange operation1880 invented the photophone, which transmits speech by light rays1882 acquired a controlling interest in the Western Electric Company, Elisha Gray's company1885 formed American Telephone and Telegraph Company to operate the long distance network.1886 first wax recording cylinder, introduced, formed the basis of the modern phonograph.1896 elected first President of National Geographic Society1907 he devised a kite capable of carrying a person. With a group of associates1917 developed "hydrodrome," at (70 mph) the fastest boat in the world for many yearsCAPs: Bell, Alexander Graham Bell, Telephone, Bell Telephone Company, AT&T, Bell Labs, Western Electric, Antonio Meucci, Philip Reis, Elisha Gray, ARYS, telegraphy, telephone, history, biography, inventor, SIPS, inventor of, history of, who invented, invention of, fascinating facts.

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This is believed to be the first sketch of Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone system
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Alexander Graham Bell and First Telephone

Alexander Bell: The Person: Alexander Bell was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He received his education at the University of Edinburgh and the university college in London. In 1871, Alexander Bell migrated to Canada and the United States. Once he came to the United Stated he began working as a teacher for deaf children at an institute by the name of “visible speech”. The system was created by his father, Alexander Melville Bell. In 1872, Alexander Bell founded a school for deaf children in Boston, Massachusetts. The school became a part of Boston University, where Alexander Bell became a professor for vocal physiology. Then, in 1882 he became a naturalized U.S citizen. Since Alexander Bell was 18 years old he began figuring out how speech could be transmitted. In 1874, while working on a telegraph Alexander Bell figured out the basic ideas of the ‘telephone’ and on March 10, 1876 Alexander Bell and his assistant reached success. On March 10, 1876 Alexander Bell and his assistant transmitted speech. Then they began introducing the telephone to the world.

Alexander Bell: The Inventor: Alexander Bell invented the telephone in 1874. He developed the telephone and began sharing it with the world in 1876. In 21877, Alexander Bell created the transmitter and receiver for the telephone. That same year, Alexander Bell and his investors Gardiner Hubbard and Thomas Sanders formed the Bell Telephone Company to operate local telephone exchange operations. In 1882, the Western Electric Company became its their business’s manufacturing unit. The official American Telephone and Telegraph Company was founded on March 3, 1885. The business was beginning to grow and they could only go up from where they started at this point.
After 1895 Alexander Bell began to become interested in aeronautics. Many of his invention involved with this were tested near his summer home at Baddeck. Alexander Bell began studying large kites and in 1907 he made a kite capable of carrying a person. Then, he and his associates created the “aileron”, a movable section of an airplane wing that controls roll. Along with the tricycle landing gear, which first permitted takeoff and landing on a flying field. Next, Alexander Bell and his group began working on boats, hydrofoil boats, which travel above water at high speeds. It did not take long for Alexander to create one. In 1917, Alexander Bell invents the “hydrodome”. The “hydrodome” reaches 113 km/h 70mph and for many years it was the fastest boat in the world. That was the final event that Alexander Bell invented.

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Above is Bell Speaking into Telephone (1876)




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Alexander Graham Bell's Experimental Notebook, March 10, 1876.


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Alexander Grahm Bell on the Telephone at the formal opening of telephone service bewtween New York and Chicagio





Sources:

Alexander Graham Bell Biography - life, children, parents, wife, school, mother, young, old, information, born http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ba-Be/Bell-Alexander-Graham.html#ixzz1uyi22a5q

http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-graham-bell-9205497
http://www.gardenofpraise.com/ibdbell.htm